Yemen Stockholm Agreement Pdf

What`s new? A UN-brokered agreement to demilitarise the Yemeni port city of Hodeida is stuck. The Yemeni government insists on a complete handover of Hodeida by the Huthis, which the latter rejects. Meanwhile, Houthi attacks on Saudi territory and Saudi airstrikes in Yemen have intensified in the past three months. Although there has been no complete redeployment, the agreement and the UN presence in Hudaydah have directly contributed to the reduction of hostilities and the improvement of the humanitarian situation, while providing opportunities to build confidence in the prospect of an end to the conflict. Unfortunately, the city is a critical area of the Stockholm Agreement, which needs to put more emphasis on mediating agreements between the parties on de-escalation of hostilities and opening lasting humanitarian corridors to alleviate the suffering of Taz residents. Reviving the Hodeida agreement and preventing an escalatory spiral of cross-border attacks from plunging Yemen further into a regional quagmire are urgent priorities. They will require successfully pushing on two mediation tracks: one between the Huthis and the Yemeni government over Hodeida and the other between the Huthis and Riyadh over escalating fighting between them. It shows that the agreement was reached following reports of widespread human rights violations in prisons, which have reached the level of war crimes and crimes against humanity, and has resulted in a finding in the report of the High Commissioner for Human Rights and the renowned panel of experts that “the Yemeni governments , the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia” and the “de facto authorities are responsible for international human rights violations” “which boil down to the following war crimes: rape, degrading and cruel treatment, torture and outrage at personal dignity.” [29] What to do? The UN, with P5 support, should clarify the minimum threshold needed for implementing the Hodeida agreement to allow for a pivot to broader peace talks. And the United States, with the support of the United Nations, should push Saudi Arabia to discuss military de-escalation directly with the Houthis, especially with regard to cross-border strikes.