Finally, in 2019, the first One Planet event was held in Paris, on the occasion of the repopulation of the Green Climate Fund, in order to seek synergies, to develop innovative climate finance to help communities and countries on the front lines of climate change. In order to promote the integrated approach it implements, France continues to work to maintain the momentum created by COP21. She was therefore an active participant in COP23 held in Bonn, Germany, in November 2017. States met to work on the formulation of the rules for implementing the Paris Agreement and to discuss the ambition of national climate commitments. While the Paris Agreement ultimately aims to limit global temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius this century, many studies evaluating the voluntary commitments of some countries in Paris show that the cumulative effect of these emission reductions will not be significant enough to keep temperatures below that ceiling. Indeed, the targets set by the target countries should limit the future increase in temperature between 2.7 and 3.7 degrees Celsius. At the same time, recent assessments of countries` developments in the framework of their climate targets in Paris indicate that some countries are already not meeting their commitments. To avoid major changes in life as we know it, global action is needed. That is why the Paris Agreement, which aims to limit global warming, rises to 1.5 degrees Celsius this century. In fact, the seemingly small difference between 1.5 and 2 degrees could have dramatic consequences on deep nations and coral reefs. As a global problem, climate change requires countries around the world to cooperate.
In 2015, world leaders agreed on ambitious new goals in the fight against climate change. The EU and its member states have announced their intention to table the instruments for ratifying the Doha amendment to the Kyoto Protocol by the end of 2017 at the latest. This decision is a strong sign of the EU`s commitment to the fight against climate change. “The public understands that the fight against climate change goes hand in hand with protecting our health and growing our economy,” Bloomberg said in a statement. It is rare that there is a consensus among almost all nations on a single subject. But with the Paris agreement, world leaders agreed that climate change was driven by human behaviour, that it was a threat to the environment and to humanity as a whole, and that global action was needed to stop it. In addition, a clear framework has been put in place for all countries to make commitments to reduce emissions and strengthen these measures over time. Here are some main reasons why the agreement is so important: the Paris Agreement, developed for two weeks in Paris at the 21st UN Conference of the Parties (UNFCCC) and adopted on 12 December 2015, marked a historic turning point in the fight against climate change, with world leaders representing 195 nations reaching consensus on an agreement that has commitments from all countries to combat climate change climate change and adaptation to its effects.